Category: scholarship


By , October 28, 2009 8:20 pm

Check out the following from Jock Young. Good stuff! Link is below:

Critical criminology is the criminology of late modernity. Its inception was in the late sixties and early seventies at the cusp of change, its inspiration a world where oppressive relationships of class, age, gender and ethnicity became highlighted and evident (in that historical order)and where the pluralism, ambiguity and shift of values heralded a society where migration and human creativity created a diversity of cultures in close propinquity and interaction. In Britain the key academic organisation which provided a theatre for such debates was the National Deviancy Conference (NDC). Here, as Stan Cohen astutely noted, “well before Foucault and a long way from the Left Bank – our little corner of the human sciences was seized by a deconstructionist impulse” (1998, p.101). Indeed the NDC was pivoted around deconstruction and anti-essentialism. It dwelt on the social construction of gender, sexual proclivity, crime, suicide, drugs and mental states whilst fiercely criticising the major discourses of modernity, positivism and classicism, and its institutions, whether it was the prison or the clinic. The NDC was anarchistic and antinomian, set deep in the counterculture of the time. My own involvement in it was initially reluctant to say the least. It was a time when we regarded people with 9 to 5 jobs as complete failures, lived in communes and regarded the “straight” world with complete disdain. I was living in Notting Hill where Pink Floyd played weekly at the local parish hall, Jimi Hendrix was at Middle Earth and there was poetry in the streets. Academic conferences were not exactly where it was at. I was persuaded to go to the first NDC in York in 1968. I remember Mike Brake – later to be well known for his books on youth culture (1980, 1985) saying to me the evening we arrived, “What are we doing here, man? Let’s get out quick and get to Leeds where there’s much better clubs.” We stayed all the same and next day I gave my first academic paper, ‘The Role of Police as Amplifiers of Deviancy, Negotiators of Reality and Translators of Fantasy’ (1971a). A pretentious title but it still captures for me a constant theme of the way in which powerful forces in society create demons out of illusions which then, through stigma and oppression, take on a reality of their own.


The Journal of Criminal Justice and Popular Culture

By , October 25, 2009 9:59 pm

The Journal of Criminal Justice and Popular Culture.

Volume 16 Issue 1

Sex and Violence in the Slasher Horror Film: A Content Analysis of Gender Differences in the Depiction of Violence and the Evolution of the Comics Code
Andrew Welsh

The Absence of Gay and Lesbian Police Officer Depictions in the First Three Decades of the Core Cop Film Genre: Moving Towards a Cultivation Theory Perspective
Franklin T. Wilson
Dennis R. Longmire
Warren Swymeler

Theoretical and Cultural Dimensions of the Warehouse Philosophy of Punishment
Barbara A. Rockell

Nihilism and Mistaken Identity: (Self)Hate Crime in The Believer
Paul J. Kaplan

Content Analysis of the 18-Year Evolution of Violence in Video Game Magazines
Monica K. Miller

The Seductions of Arson: Ritualized Political Violence and the Revelry of Arson
Matt Hinds-Aldrich

Culture, Cognition, and Consent: Who Perceives What, and Why, in ‘Acquaintance Rape’ Cases

By , October 4, 2009 4:47 pm

This paper uses the theory of cultural cognition to examine the debate over rape-law reform. Cultural cognition refers to the tendency of individuals to conform their perceptions of legally consequential facts to their defining group commitments. Results of an original experimental study (N = 1,500) confirmed the impact of cultural cognition on perceptions of fact in a controversial acquaintance-rape case. The major finding was that a hierarchical worldview, as opposed to an egalitarian one, inclined individuals to perceive that the defendant reasonably understood the complainant as consenting to sex despite her repeated verbal objections. The effect of hierarchy in inclining subjects to favor acquittal was greatest among women; this finding was consistent with the hypothesis that hierarchical women have a distinctive interest in stigmatizing rape complainants whose behavior deviates from hierarchical gender norms. The study also found that cultural predispositions have a much larger impact on outcome judgments than do legal definitions, variations in which had either no or a small impact on the likelihood subjects would support or oppose conviction. The paper links date-rape reform to a class of controversies in law that reflect symbolic status competition between opposing cultural groups, and addresses the normative implications of this conclusion.

via SSRN-Culture, Cognition, and Consent: Who Perceives What, and Why, in ‘Acquaintance Rape’ Cases by Dan Kahan.

Critical Race Theory and the Law School Curriculum: Critical Reflections on Inclusion

By , October 3, 2009 2:16 pm

Recently I offered a seminar on Critical Race Theory (CRT). It was an honor and a privilege to engage the intelligent, thoughtful students who participated in this project with me. When I began the course, I offered a rather tongue in cheek, reductionist view of the critical program in scholarly endeavors. You too, I joked, can be an adherent of CRT or of most any critical discipline just by throwing around some key vocabulary words such as anti-subordination, Foucault, deconstruct and intersectional. Jokes aside, there are significant, clearly articulable themes in this course, and these are the glue that binds the materials together. I focus on two such themes: First, critical race theory is just a small part of what I would call the critical program in the legal academy and in the broader academy. Hence, the criticality of CRT is defined not only in contrast to mainstream legal formulations but also by parallel critical movements across genres and disciplines. Next, the best way to understand the import and impact of CRT is to understand that the goal of many of its proponents is to take the discussion outside of the closed space which CRT all too often inhabits and to incorporate it into the broader law school canon. A metaphor for understanding this type of inclusion is found in Michel Foucault’s essay “Des Espaces Autres” (“Other Spaces”) in which he argues that there are three distinct social spaces in society: real spaces, utopias, and heterotopias. What unites them, he suggests, is a space that includes elements of all of these spaces, a space that Foucault calls the mirror. I posit that Critical Race Theory courses should function as Foucauldian mirrors in the law school curriculum. Achieving this goal, however, means getting past some less obvious sources of opposition.

SSRN-Critical Race Theory and the Law School Curriculum: Critical Reflections on Inclusion by Lolita Buckner Inniss.

Iowa Law Review

By , September 12, 2009 10:12 pm

The most recent issue of the Iowa Law Review, an open access publication. includes several interesting articles about Critical Race Theory.

Academic Evolution: Is Open Scholarship Too Risky for Young Scholars?

By , August 15, 2009 11:40 pm
Cover of the Social Science Association pamphl...
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If you follow the old model just to play it safe, saving up your ideas to share once they are in a perfected form and then burying them in toll-access publications, you might be visible to those few hundred people who happen to subscribe to that scholarly journal, but you are effectively invisible to the world. I know I would look for young scholars who have not simply published, but who have engaged multiple audiences. Prove yourself by leaving a visible trail of your thinking and of your various projects, formal or informal. As long as you make this a priority–to the point that it is natural for you to be constantly publicly engaged with your thinking–then any traditional publishing you do can complement or supplement this. But if the priority is the opposite, if you buy into the hype that the only real or substantial contributions you can make are through those highly limited and dimmed outlets of conventional peer-reviewed publishing, you will hobble yourself and simply become another agent of the moribund scholarly communications system.  I don’t think that things are that bleak. I think people are starting to wake up to the dignity of open scholarship. But you do have to take a stand, and you will not be very credible in making that stand if you wait until you have tenure. That will just prove that you were never really invested in being a public intellectual or an open scholar.

via Academic Evolution: Is Open Scholarship Too Risky for Young Scholars?.

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